The report describes some of the schemes which have and ae being trialled and how they work. Other areas such as Cumbria have community schemes in operation.
This is a developing area with exciting possibilities to help level out the peaks and troughs in electricity demand at a regional and national level. The benefit locally is that prices should be lower for those who can exploit flexibility in their electricity demands and it may make generation schemes more economic and result in more deployment. It is too early to estimate the benefit it terms of saving CO2.