Heat pumps are a viable option to
replace fossil fuelled heating in all properties in the Parish.
Air source heat pumps take heat
from the air. Ground source heat pumps take heat from the ground either from a borehole
or from a loop of pipework buried about 1.5 m down. Water source heat pumps
take heat from a river or large stream.
Heat pumps may require larger radiators as to keep the
efficiencies of the heat pump high.
Air source heat pumps are cheaper
to install but more expensive to run than ground source heat pumps. At the
moment, the overall cost favours air source heat pumps for single properties.
Water source heat pumps are more suitable for large heating demands, such as a
hotel or a group of houses near the water.
For the next year or so there are
grants available for domestic heat pumps. The building would need to have a
good energy efficiency rating, but this makes sense anyway, requiring the fitting of a high level of insulation and draught proofing.
There may be opportunities for community heating schemes for groups of houses, but this needs further investigation.
Heat pumps are the front runner in low carbon heating.
They have the potential to remove 28% of our baseline CO2 emissions,
1,400 tonnes of CO2 a year. It will require householders and
landlords to invest in new equipment. Grant aid is available at the moment.
Small communal heating schemes may become economic and
we will look at this further, especially for older houses which will continue
to have a high heating demand due to their form of construction.